Temperate basses are important sport fishes. They have two dorsal fins, one spiny and one rayed. Their scales are rough to the touch, they have two opercular spines and, unlike other perch-like fish in New York, they have three anal-fin spines. This is a North American family made of up four species, three found in New York. White bass is strictly a freshwater form, white perch is estuarine and striped bass is anadromous. All three tend to be large river forms, although white perch and white bass fare well in lakes. All are native to New York but have expanded their ranges in recent decades either through stocking or by migrating through canals.