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Similarities And Differences Among New York's True Bass

Similarities and Differences Among New York's bass species
Species Description Habitat Reproduction Feeding Fishing Information Comments
Striped Bass 18-55" long

Body elongate, body depth less than head length

Silvery with 7-8 horizontal black stripes

First and second dorsal fins not connected

Two equal-sized tooth patches on base of tongue

9-121 rays in anal fin
An anadromous fish that has become landlocked in some areas

Found in nearshore ocean waters, rivers, estuaries and large reservoirs

Common around rocks, wrecks and in tidal rips
Spawn May-early June in 58-70 F water

Anadromous; moves into rivers to spawn above the salt front

Eggs are broadcast over deep waters

Semi-buoyant eggs stay in suspension until hatched
A voracious feeder; feeds most heavily at dusk and dawn and in rapidly flowing waters

Young eat invertebrates such as shrimp. aquatic insects and worms

Older bass prefer fish, eels, squid and crabs
Popular and exciting sportfish which reaches larger sizes

NYS record is a 76-pound fish taken off Montauk Point

Best fishing is in April-May in the tidal Hudson and in spring and fall along Long Island

Fish during change of tides, in darkness or on overcast days. Select areas of current or turbulence

Drift herring, bunkers or sand worms. Cast or troll plugs, spoons or bucktail jigs.
Found only in tidal portion of Hudson River and coastal waters around Long Island

Historically a very important commercial species
White Perch 6-12" long

>Deep body

Silvery with no horizontal black stripes

First and second dorsal fins connected

No teeth on base of tongue, but a few teeth on edge

9 rays in anal fin
Prefer brackish waters, but also found in rivers, lakes and reservoirs

Often occurs in large schools in turbid, shallow areas
Spawn May-June in 55-70 F water

Migrate into tributary steams or shallow water areas in lakes

Scatters eggs in shallow water. Adhesive eggs sink and become attached to vegetation and rocks
Eats aquatic insects, small forage fishes and crustaceans Good eating panfish

Stillfish with worms or grubs or cast a variety of small lures

Locate spawning concentrations in spring for fast action
Abundant in the Hudson River and its tributaries south of Troy, fresh and brackish waters of Long Island, small lakes east of the Hudson River, the Seneca and Mohawk River systems, Oneida Lake, Chautauqua Lake and in Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River
White Bass 9-15" long

Deep body; body depth greater than or equal to head length

Silvery with narrow dark horizontal lines-only center line reaches to base of tail

One tooth patch on base of tongue

First and second dorsal fins connected

11-12 rays in anal fin
Open water fish found in large lakes and reservoirs and large and medium-sized rivers

Prefers clear water over firm bottom-although is tolerant of turbidity

Often occurs in large schools close to shore or over shoals in spring
Spawns May in 55-60 F water

Often makes inshore movements or congregates over shoals

Adhesive eggs are broadcast near the surface. Eggs sink and attach to rocks, sticks or bottom vegetation
Sight feeders

Young feed on plankton and insect larvae

Adults eat fish and insects
Locally popular sportfish

Cast or troll streamer flies or small lures such as white jibs, spinners and spoons or stillfish with small minnows

Keep lures and minnows suspended off the bottom

Fishing is especially good in spring when schools move inshore waters
Limited distribution in NYS. Found in Lake Erie and Lake Ontario and their tributaries as well as in Oneida Lake, Chautauqua Lake and Kinzua Reservoir
Hybrid Bass 12-30" long

Deep body

Silvery with broken horizontal black stripes

Two distinct tooth patches on base of tongue

First and second dorsal fins partially connected (unreliable)

12-13 rays in anal fin
Most successful in large reservoirs and lakes Spawned artificially

Most often from a female striped bass and a male white bass
Young feed on plankton and insect larvae

Adults feed on open-water forage fish such a alewife and gizzard shad
Use same methods as listed for white bass Hybrid cross between striped bass and white bass

Stocked only in Whitney Point Reservoir, Broom Co.; Swinging Bridge Reservoir, Sullivan Co.; and Fort Pond, Suffolk Co.