Department of Environmental Conservation

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Oak Orchard/Tonawanda Bird Conservation Area

This BCA is a large complex consisting mainly of managed emergent marshes, swamps and other wetlands, as well as extensive grasslands. Large numbers of wetland dependent birds breed here, and the site is an important migratory stopover for waterfowl and wetland-dependent birds. Grasslands provide nesting habitat for waterfowl and numerous grassland bird species. These two state parcels (Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area, Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area) are at opposite ends of the 11,000 acre Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge. As a whole these areas comprise over 19,000 acres of wetlands and grasslands, much of which have been managed to provide habitat for a variety of birds.

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