Department of Environmental Conservation

D E C banner

Freshwater Fish and Shellfish

Fish Diversity Poster
Art by Jean Gawalt

From small, rarely seen species of darters to large game fish like salmon and muskellunge, New York's waters are home to an incredible variety of freshwater fish species. Over 165 fish species inhabit the state's 7,500 lakes and ponds and 70,000 miles of rivers and streams, providing New York with one of the richest fish faunas in the nation.

In order to cover the diversity of New York's freshwater fishes, we offer both the Freshwater Fishes of New York series and the Fish Atlas Maps of New York. These maps provide a general overview of the distribution of each of New York's fishes. Please enjoy exploring about New York's freshwater fish.

Fish Drawings

Fish drawings are available from DEC's Flickr Fish Drawings Album. These images are free to use for non-commercial purposes. Please credit NYSDEC when using these fish images.

More about Freshwater Fish and Shellfish:

  • Freshwater Fishes of New York Series - Information on the ten main freshwater fish families, game and non-game fish, unusual and endangered fish.
  • Fish Atlas Maps of New York - Maps showing the habitat, native range and status of freshwater fishes.
  • Chinese Mitten Crab - Chinese Mitten Crab may be the newest invader in the Hudson River.
  • Sea Lamprey - Sea lamprey and sea lamprey control by the Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Management Cooperative - - New York State DEC; Vermont Fish and Wildlife; and the US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Spiny Waterflea - Spiny waterflea is an aquatic invasive animal that is becoming more prevalent in New York State. Learn more about what you can do to prevent its spread!
  • Northern Snakehead - Description of northern snakehead fish, distribution in New York, idenfying characteristics, contact information.